Very short about Beethoven's time:
On December 5, 1791 Mozart died. The age of the classical period changed into the age of the romance.
1796 with the storm on the Bastille the storm and urge time ended ended. The French revolution was the init for political changes in Europe, finally revolutions like 1848 in Vienna.
1809 French troops besieged Vienna, the emperor fled and the economic life in Vienna was down. In the same year Joseph Haydn died. Beethoven lost big money by inflation. Also many of his sponsors impoverished and stopped the payments to Beethoven.
1812 Napoleoni army had a desaster in Moscow - the heavy Russian winter was hard on the army.
1814 Napoleon was beaten the battle at Leipzig. Napoleon hater like Beethoven shouted with joy. 1814-1815 the Viennese congress took place.