The Romans in Vienna: Cultivation of wine and prohibition of export
The history of the Viennese wine and the wine bars called
Heurigen begins with the grape. The first picture of a grape originates from
Egypt about 2000 post Christ. Also in Assyria wine was grown, phenecian
merchants brought the wine to Greece. In Central Europe the Celts already grew
100 post Christ Romans founded a military camp named
Vindobona, which comes from the Celtic word for 'white river'. Vienna (germ.
Wien) got the name from the Celtic 'Wenia', which means torrent.
The wine grown in Vienna had inferior quality. It was grown
despite a prohibition of export by Kaiser Domitian to protect Roman winegrowers
and poured out to Roman soldiers. The Roman soldiers had a right to a daily
wine. Marcus Aurelius Probus ended this prohibition. Probus patronized the
wine-growing by importing Roman grapes and let legionaires build vineyards. The
men wanted to fight rather than to work hard at the wine-growing, 282 after 6
years empire they killed Probus.
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